LaVOZs

The World’s Largest Online Community for Developers

'; java - Drawing an image in JScrollPane within scale - LavOzs.Com

I have a scrollpane where load an image. I wont this image with her natural size, and if this image is too big, I wont activated the scrollbar, but this instruction

  g.drawImage(immagine, 0, 0, getWidth(), getHeight(), this); 

scaled image for placing in scrollpane. What can I do?

Class Gui:


    import java.awt.*;
    import java.awt.event.*;
    import java.io.File;
    import javax.swing.*;

    public class Gui implements ActionListener {

        private JFrame frmEditor;

        private Mappa content;
        private JMenuItem mntmSfondo;
        private JScrollPane scrollabile;

        /**
         * Launch the application.
         */
        public static void main(String[] args) {
            EventQueue.invokeLater(new Runnable() {
                public void run() {
                    try {
                        Gui window = new Gui();
                        window.frmEditor.setVisible(true);
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            });
        }

        /**
         * Create the application.
         */
        public Gui() {
            initialize();
        }

        /**
         * Initialize the contents of the frame.
         */
        private void initialize() {
            frmEditor = new JFrame();
            frmEditor.setFont(UIManager.getFont("TextArea.font"));
            frmEditor.setBounds(50, 50, 1024, 768);
            frmEditor.setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
            frmEditor.getContentPane().setLayout(new BorderLayout(0, 0));

            JPanel panelTile = new JPanel();
            panelTile.setLayout(new BorderLayout(0, 0));

            content = new Mappa(null);
            content.setMinimumSize(new Dimension(150, 150));
            scrollabile = new JScrollPane(content);
            frmEditor.getContentPane().add(scrollabile, BorderLayout.CENTER);

            inizializzaMenu();
        }

        /**
         * Initialize the menu.
         */
        private void inizializzaMenu() {

            JMenuBar menuBar = new JMenuBar();
            frmEditor.setJMenuBar(menuBar);

            JMenu mnAltro = new JMenu("Modify");
            menuBar.add(mnAltro);

            mntmSfondo = new JMenuItem("Load Background");
            mntmSfondo.addActionListener(this);
            mnAltro.add(mntmSfondo);
        }

        public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) {
            Object source = e.getSource();
            if (source == mntmSfondo) {
                JFileChooser fc = new JFileChooser("tuttiSfondi");
                int result = fc.showOpenDialog(null);
                if (result == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) {
                    File file = fc.getSelectedFile();
                    try {
                        content.setImage(file);
                        //content = new Mappa(file);
                        //scrollabile.setViewportView(content);
                    } catch (Exception ex) {
                    }
                }
                if (result == JFileChooser.CANCEL_OPTION) {
                }
            }
        }

    }

Class Mappa:


    import java.awt.*;
    import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
    import java.io.*;

    import javax.imageio.ImageIO;
    import javax.swing.*;

    public class Mappa extends JPanel {

        BufferedImage immagine;

        public Mappa(File fileImmagine) {

            if (fileImmagine != null ) {

                BufferedImage img = null;
                try {
                    img = ImageIO.read(new File(fileImmagine.getPath()));
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                this.immagine = img;
            }
            repaint();
        }

        public void setImage(File file) throws IOException {

            this.immagine = ImageIO.read(file);
            String name = file.getPath();
            System.out.println(name);
            repaint();

        }

        public void paintComponent(Graphics g) {

            super.paintComponent(g);
            g.clearRect(0, 0, 4000, 4000);
            g.drawImage(this.immagine, 0, 0, getWidth(), getHeight(), this);

            System.out.println("Called Repaint() on Mappa");

        }
    }

JScrollPane, or more to the point JViewport will use the component's (or in this case the "view's") preferred size as a bases for determining how big the view should be.

When the view expands beyond the size of the scroll pane, it will show the scroll bars.

So basically, you need to override the getPreferredSize of the public class Mappa extends JPanel { panel, for example

public class Mappa extends JPanel {
    //...
    public Dimension getPreferredSize() {
        return immagine == null ? new Dimension(200, 200) : new Dimension(immagine.getWidth(), immagine.getHeight());
    }
    //...
}

This will encourage the JViewport to always be the same size as the image.

Also, two things...

First, you shouldn't rely on magic numbers, for example

g.clearRect(0, 0, 4000, 4000);

Should be more like...

g.clearRect(0, 0, getWidth(), getHeight());

And secondly,

super.paintComponent(g);

Will do this any way, so calling clearRect is kind of pointless...

You might also like to take a look at Scrollable, but it is quite an advanced topic

I wont this image with her natural size, and if this image is too big, I wont activated the scrollbar,

Using JLabel to contain the image and wrap it in a JScrollPane should easily achieve what you want. Take hints from the following example:

class AFrame extends JFrame
{
   public AFrame()
  {

     setDefaultCloseOperation(JFrame.EXIT_ON_CLOSE);
     setTitle("Image view Demo with JScrollPane");

     ImageIcon image = new ImageIcon("myImage.png"); // pass the file location of an image
     JLabel label = new JLabel(image);
     JScrollPane scrollPane = new JScrollPane(label);
     scrollPane.setHorizontalScrollBarPolicy(JScrollPane.HORIZONTAL_SCROLLBAR_AS_NEEDED);
     scrollPane.setVerticalScrollBarPolicy(JScrollPane.VERTICAL_SCROLLBAR_AS_NEEDED);
     add(scrollPane, BorderLayout.CENTER);
     pack();
  }

 public static void main(String[] args)
 {
    SwingUtilities.invokeLater(new Runnable() {

       @Override
       public void run() {
          new AFrame().setVisible(true);
       }
    });

  }
}
Related
How do I generate random integers within a specific range in Java?
“cannot find symbol method drawImage(java.awt.image.BufferedImage,<nulltype>,int,int)”
Why can't I draw an ellipse with this code?
Canvas in JScrollPane only repaints when a scrollbar is at most extreme point
JScrollPane adding JPanels at the top and keeping current scroll view
problem in setting scrollpane for canvas
JPanel added but not displayed “in time”
Can I get a JTextField above an JEditorPane but below a JTabbedPane?
How does double buffering in applets work?